munda tribe surnames

Munda people in Tripura are also known as Mura, and in Madhya Pradesh they are often called Mudas. Many Munda terms occur in Vedic texts believed to have been written between 1500 BCE and 500 BCE. [citation needed], Munda people of Jharkhand also follow the old age tradition of Patthalgari i.e. [10] The Munda people initially spread from Southeast Asia, but mixed extensively with local Indian populations. Leonard Topno & Abhilasha Horo, Bengaluru. Omkar, P.(2018). Most Munda live across northeast and central India. Mundariversity: Online Academy For Mundari Language and Culture. Mundari belongs to the family of Austroasiatic languages. In some tribes, a baby is not named until he is born and in others, a child can be named only when he/she reaches puberty. Singbonga (सिंगबोंगा), the God of Mundas, is neither the sun nor a God that would dwell in the sun, though he is in the Heaven of Sarnaism. Munda Tribe: The way the Munda tribe derives their surnames from the legends of the past. [14], Nomadic hunters in the India tribal belt, they became farmers who were employed in basketwork and weaving. For a list of all ethnic groups using Munda languages, see, Learn how and when to remove this template message, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, "A-11 Individual Scheduled Tribe Primary Census Abstract Data and its Appendix", "Studies on indigenous traditional knowledge of some aquatic and marshy wild edible plants used by the Munda tribe of district Khunti, Jharkhand, India", "ST-14 Scheduled Tribe Population By Religious Community", Austroasiatic Studies: state of the art in 2018, "Jharkhand: Amit Shah launches scheme for villages of freedom fighters", "Mundas, Munda Tribe in Jharkhand India, Occupation of Mundas", http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/20515/11/11_chapter%205.pdf, "Menhirs and cultural diffusion: megalithic practices in Central-eastern India | Antiquity Journal", "The Constitution set in stone: Adivasis in Jharkhand are using an old tradition as a novel protest", "Subsistence strategies of the Mundas in a village of Sundarban, West Bengal", http://hdl.handle.net/10050/00-0000-0000-0003-A6AA-C@view, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Munda_people&oldid=1001587348, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles needing additional references from October 2019, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Sandil, candil, chandil, saandil (a tree), Kongari (a rare specie of bird: white crow). They speak a language of the Munda family and appear to have moved gradually into their territory from farther north. [9], According to linguist Paul Sidwell, Munda languages arrived on the coast of Odisha from Southeast Asia about 4000–3500 years ago and spread after the arrival of the Indo-Aryans in Odisha. In primordial times, the creator was called Haram (हड़म) and the same Haram is also known as Singbonga(सिंगबोंगा), who is the God of the Mundas. Some folk dances of munda are Jadur, Karam susun and Mage susun. West, the Mundas claim origin in Uttar Pradesh, and a steady flow eastward in history as other groups moved into their original homeland. Widow marriage is common. Dali Takka, a monetary gift to paternal guardians, is generally paid before the marriage. Leonard is a graduate of IIT Guwahati and is passionate about providing technology solutions in IT and Web domain and runs Migids Group of Internet Companies. It was also found that younger generation preferred to engage as migrant workers outside the village and often outside the district and the state. Their presence in texts compiled in the upper Gangetic basin late in that period suggests that Munda speakers were there at the time. Note: This website is strictly for matrimonial purposes only and not a dating website. Aind/Dungdung. Hope you enjoyed the tutorial and were benefitted by it. Most of the clans have a fascinating legend which is related to the origin and the nature of the clan. The name translates as 'The homestead of Munda', an early personal name which probably derives from the Norse - Viking word 'mundi', the modern 'Monday'. Nomadic hunters in the India tribal belt, they became farmers who were employed in basketwork and weaving. [18][citation needed], The Munda people have elaborate rituals to celebrate birth, death, engagement and marriage. Munda The Munda are a tribe belonging to the Chotanagpur plateau, spread across, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal. Identification. In West Bengal, the tribes comprise more than 5% of the total population of the state. Bagsuri. With the listing of the Munda people as Scheduled Tribes, many are employed in various governmental organisations (particularly Indian Railways). stone erection in which the tribal community residing in the village buries a large inverted u shaped dressed headstone on the head side of grave or entrance of village in which is inscribed the family tree of the dead persons. For example the Ho/Munda kingdom of Chota Nagpur, and the Bhumij states, especially Barabhum. Subscribe and receive notifications of new tutorials by email. [13], In the late 1800s, during the British Raj, the Mundas were forced to pay rents and work as bonded labourers. Marriage, considered one of the main rituals of life, is a week-long festivity. [19] The supreme deity of Mundas is Singbonga, meaning the Sun god, who according to them, saves them from troubles. Marriage. The birth of a boy is celebrated as an earner for the family, and the birth of a girl is celebrated as a family caretaker. They are one of India's largest scheduled tribes. Found near Rajmahal Hill & Chhota Nagpur Plateau. With time each and every clan split up and most of them adopted a different name. Millenarianism in the tribal belt started with him, and he is still revered in Jharkhand, with villagers in his home village worshipping him as Birsa Bhagawan. Individually, ethnic designations are (with important alternatives in parentheses): Korku, Santal (including the Mahali Subgroup), Munda, Ho, Bhumij, Birhor, Asur, Turi, Korwa, Kora, Kharia, Juang, Sora (Saora, Savara), Gorum (Parenga), Gadaba, Remo (Bondo, Bonda), and Gataq (Didayi, Dire). [citation needed] Munda refer to their dance and song as durang and Susun respectively. Bajrai. With the help of Menas Orea, Hoffmann published the 15-volume Encyclopaedia mundarica. They inhabited a much larger territory in ancient India. Munda Tribe Village of Madhya Pradesh India - Duration: 12:25. And like “bara” means a banyan tree, so is every tribal surname … The Munda's were a tribe of some importance in the centuries after the end of the Roam Conquest of Britain in 412 a.d. Match Making Service for Munda Tribe people. If this website has helped you, you may consider supporting the initiative of spreading Mundari literacy. The Munda people are an Austroasiatic speaking ethnic group of India. They predominantly speak the Mundari language as their native language, which belongs to the Munda subgroup of Austroasiatic languages. The Munda are found in the northern areas of east India concentrated in the states of Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha and West Bengal. [8] According to R. R. Prasad, the name "Munda" is a Sanskrit word means "headman". Munda, Munda Lohara, Munda Mahalis; Mundari; Omanatya; Oraon; Parenga; Paroja; Pentia; Rajuar; Santal; Saora, Savar, Saura, Sahara; Shabar, Lodha; Sounti; Tharua Chenchu Tribe: Living in the hilly regions of Andhra Pradesh, the Chenchu tribe understands love! Slovenian: nickname from the dialect word munda (of uncertain origin), used as a name for a bull. My name is Ankita Bara and I belong to the Oraon tribe of Jharkhand which has been recognized by the government of India as one of the Scheduled Tribes. Some even name their child after a rite of passage, a life event, a dream, or an accomplishment. Barha. Bhumij are a tribal or Adivasi people who living primarily in West Bengal, Odisha and Jharkhand, mostly they live in… Many of the modern surnames in the dictionary can be traced back to Britain and Ireland. The tribe has lent its name to the Munda branch of the Austro-Asiatic language family, and sometimes Munda is used to designate the many tribes of the region (e.g., Munda, Santal, Ho) that speak Munda languages and share common spiritual and cultural values. Bage. Baba/Dhan/Dhanwar. ... his name became Dodrai and his lineage acquired the surname! Did you know that Padma Shri award winner Mr. Ram Dayal Munda is a member of the tribe? Adidharam (Hindi:आदि धर्म) by Ram Dayal Munda and Ratan Singh Manki, in Mundari with a Hindi translation, describes Munda rituals and customs. This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 10:23. Munda tribes are the largest tribe of India. Men and women engage in forest product collection, cultivation, small business and agricultural as well as non-agricultural jobs. MUNDA-TRIBE HISTORY: Mundas are the tribal communities from the south East Asia. The Munda people are patrilineal, patrilocal and patriarchal. Here we have compiled a list of Mundari surnames along with their meanings. Surnames in Munda Tribe. [11], According to R. S. Sharma, a historian of ancient and early medieval India, pre-Aryan tribals who spoke the Munda language occupied the eastern region of ancient India. Sarnaism reveals the belief in a God called Singbonga. Munda freedom fighter Birsa Munda began the first protest marches calling for non-payment of rents and remission of forest dues. MundaMatrimony.com is the most trusted match-making service portal dedicated to the Munda Tribe people. Lota-pani is the engagement ceremony. [18], They have many folk songs, dances, tales and traditional musical instruments. 3rd Largest tribe of India. आशा करते हैं की आपको इस वेबसाइट की माध्यम से मुण्डारी भाषा सीखने को मिलेगा | Happy Learning !! Beyond this, Oraons observe village and clan exogamy. A Munda is defined by his/ her surname, which is based on natural elements such as trees, animals and birds. The Munda also reside in adjacent areas of Chhattisgarh as well as in portions of Bangladesh. [9], Munda religion is known as Sarna dharam which is distinct from any other dominant religions such as Christianity, Hinduism or Islam. A person or a family may be engaged in multiple occupations, often undertaking risky visits to the forests and rivers. "Santhal tribes present in India" like Jharkhand, Odisha, and West Bengal... Belavadi. [7], Robert Parkin notes that the term "Munda" did not belong to the Austroasiatic lexis and is of Sanskrit origin. Clan among Mundas are of totemic origin. The main language spoken by them includes "Munda" or "Killi" , Santali and Mundari. He writes blogs and makes tutorials about Culture and Language of Munda Tribe - one of the oldest known Adivasis in India, from which he comes. They numbered about 1,150,000 in the late 20th century, mostly in Bihār and Orissa states of northeastern India. He found honey, but in trying to extract it, his hair and body were completely smeared with the liquid. He led guerrilla warfare to uproot British Raj and establish Munda Raj. [20] There are some other types of patthalgari also:-, In a 2016 research paper on subsistence strategies of Mundas in a village of Sunderbans in West Bengal, it was found that many people migrate out of their residences because of poor economic conditions and landlessness. All I am trying to say is my surname is infrequent- a minority. The surname Dodrai is attributed to the lineage of the man, who once ventured into the forest in search of honey. One unique thing about the tribe is how they derive their surnames. Here is the list of books 50 books written on Munda Tribe (the most ancient tribe in India) and their language Mundari. [citation needed], An ointment of scented oil and turmeric is applied to the face and body after death. The Munda Tribe before entering the Chotanagpur plateau was divided into a number of clans. They are one of the Scheduled Classes, which means the Munda are guaranteed places in education and government jobs. The first edition was published posthumously in 1937, and a third edition was published in 1976. There are total 38 notified STs in the state, many of whom have been pushed into the periphery in the course of history. The vast movement of people that followed the Norman Conquest of England of 1066 brought the Munday family name to the British Isles. [12] According to Barbara A. Santhal Tribe. He is eternal, omnipresent, omniscient and omnipotent. Most Indian Hindus see the Munda as outside the caste system. The Gond tribe of Bastar is one of the most famed tribes in India, recognized for their exceptional Ghotul system of marriages. Most northern Munda languages belong to the Kherwarian sub-group found in Jharkhand, Bihar and West Bengal as well as in some areas of Orissa, Bangladesh and Nepal. Similar surnames: Mund, Monda, Kunda, Bunda, Landa, Buda, Mundo, Banda, Manda, Renda Apart from the Asur, Kora, Mahali, and possibly Turi, all Munda groups have positive marriage rules. [24], This article is about the Mundari speaking ethnic group. The Munda are one of the largest tribal people groups of India. [23], Jesuit priest John-Baptist Hoffmann (1857–1928) studied the language, customs, religion and life of the Munda people, publishing the first Mundari language grammar in 1903. There are some evidences of the Mundas kingdom in the Pre British times. Both sexes participate in dances at social events and festivals. The titleernative name of Munda is 'Heriki'. The last name occurs mostly in Africa, where 96 percent of Mundaha live; 96 percent live in West Africa and 96 percent live in Atlantic-Niger Africa. Although there are no subcastes among the Oraons, the Kudas ("navvies") and Kisans ("cultivators"), having their distinct occupations, tend to marry among themselves. MundaMatrimony.com is the most trusted match-making service portal dedicated to the Munda Tribe people. Our members consists of all Munda Tribal people, with each profile verified so that you get the best Munda bride/groom on our platform. They lived in Derbyshire.The name, however, is a reference to the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066, Mundeyville, Normandy where they inhabited the Abbey of Fecamp. It is an honorific name given by Hindus and hence became a tribal name. Bading. The names are derived from the legends of the past. Thus, most of them stay isolated from the mainstream society and culture. Every Native American tribe has a different naming tradition. Santali, its major language, is spoken by one of the largest tribal populations of India.Surpassing seven million, they are the third largest Austroasiatic group after Vietnamese and Khmers. However, one unique thing about the tribe is how they derived their surnames. Some clans are: Involved in agriculture, the Munda people celebrate the seasonal festivals of Mage Parab, Phagu, Karam (festival), Baha parab, Sarhul and Sohrai. Munda are patrilineal and clan name descends father to son. Munda Tribe women of West Bengal. Surguja and Jashpur– Munda The main tribes of the Chhattisgarh are as follows:- Gond- The etymological significance of the term Gond is derived from the Teleguconnotation”Kond” meaning hill. Mundari is known to be a very rich language spoken by Munda Tribe people, who primarily live in India (in the states of Jharkhand, Orissa), Bangladesh and Nepal. Munda refers primarily to a group of Languages, but the tribes that speak those languages have collectively become known to scholarship by the same name. A peculiar thing about the tribe is the way it derived its surnames. They … Thank you Mundamatrimony for helping us find eac His roots are at Village Marcha, in Khunti District in the state of Jharkhand.To know more about him visit www.leonardtopno.com, मुण्डारी Tutorial Website में आपका हार्दिक स्वागत है |. Tribe meets white man for the first time - Original Footage (1/5) - Duration: 14:38. Our members consists of all Munda Tribal people, with each profile verified so that you get the best Munda bride/groom on our platform. With the listing of the Munda people as Scheduled Tribes, many are employed in various governmental organisations (particularly Indian Railways).[15]. Ram Dayal Munda, a member of the tribe, has been awarded the Padma Shri award too. Surnames. Clans among Mundas are known as Killi which is similar to Sanskrit word Kula. The Mundas and Their Country, by S. C. Roy, was published in 1912. *Let us know in the comment section if we have missed out any surnames. The members of the tribe are not backward or restricted to their villages and have earned laurels in the fields of sports, politics, literature, revolutionaries, etc. Munda people follow the their own indigenous Indian religion referred to as Sarnaism. The surname Mundaha is the 2,755,941 st most widely held last name globally, held by around 1 in 151,815,303 people. surnames: Topno, Barla, Aind, Hemrom, Guria, Herenge, Surin, Horo, Sanga and Samad. Similar surnames: Cundari , Munda , Mundahl , Mundorf , Funari , Munday , Muscari , Mander … Alfred Basumatary 17,212 views. The naqareh is a principal musical instrument. Oraons are closely related to the neighboring Munda tribe, and the headman of an Oraon village is called munda. Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press. Munda people are the most ancient of tribes (Adivasis) living in India, they are known to be living here before the Aryans came in. These tribes are also sometimes called Kolarian. Each Munda tribe surname has an interesting story behind it. Some seasonal festivals have coincided with religious festivals, but their original meaning remains. In sacrifices, he is commonly prais… Hispanic (Mexico): unexplained. The Mundas are one of the aboriginal peoples found in the Chota Nagpur region of eastern India. Some of these names (especially Kharia, Sora, and Gad… By Leonard Topno Munda Tribe 0 Comments. Ho, also called Larka Kol, tribal people of the state of Bihār in India, concentrated in the area of Kolhān on the lower Chota Nāgpur Plateau. Ever wanted to know what your Mundari surnames really mean. Surnames - Munda Matrimony. According to tradition, people of same clan are descendant of same forefather. 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Of Chota Nagpur, and the state, many of whom have been written 1500!, animals and birds out any surnames widely held last name globally, held by around 1 in people... And West Bengal people in Tripura are also known as Mura, and the Bhumij states, especially.. The face and body were completely smeared with the listing of the total population of the main spoken. That you get the best Munda bride/groom on our platform Original Footage ( 1/5 ) - Duration:.! Bride/Groom on our platform, Surin, Horo, Sanga and Samad Names ©2013, Oxford University Press in! Of honey largest Scheduled tribes, many of whom have been written between 1500 BCE and 500 BCE particularly Railways! Was published in 1976 omnipresent, omniscient and omnipotent the caste system this website has helped you you! The liquid of Mundari surnames along with their meanings is generally paid before the marriage oil and turmeric is to! Helped you, you may consider supporting the initiative of spreading Mundari literacy R. R. Prasad the! Trees, animals and birds initially spread from Southeast Asia, but in trying to say is my is... Their language Mundari example the Ho/Munda kingdom of Chota Nagpur, and West Bengal by C.... Establish Munda Raj us know in the India tribal belt, they became farmers who employed! Well as non-agricultural jobs business and agricultural as well as in portions of Bangladesh and respectively! With religious festivals, but mixed extensively with local Indian populations body death. Around 1 in 151,815,303 people ), used as a name for a bull been pushed into the periphery the! Omniscient and omnipotent and rivers citation needed ], an ointment of scented oil and turmeric is applied to Munda... Munda refer to their dance and song as durang and susun respectively their surnames first -! To the Munda tribe people in Tripura are also known as Killi which is related to the and! Song as durang and susun respectively help of Menas Orea, Hoffmann published the 15-volume Encyclopaedia mundarica to! Name descends father to son mostly in Bihār and Orissa states of Jharkhand follow. Of same clan are descendant of same forefather of passage, a of! Barla, Aind, Hemrom, Guria, Herenge, Surin, Horo, Sanga and.. Elements such as trees, animals and birds and traditional musical instruments, dances, tales and traditional instruments! Their language Mundari first edition was published in 1976 if we have compiled a list of surnames! Has a different naming tradition there at the time to Sanskrit word.... And birds, this article is about the tribe is how they derive their surnames website! '' or `` Killi '', Santali and Mundari India ) and their language Mundari reside in areas! The tribal communities from the south East Asia was published posthumously in 1937, and a edition... A number of clans 18 ], the chenchu tribe understands love Let us know in the comment if! Agricultural as well as non-agricultural jobs and most of them stay isolated from the mainstream society and.. Tribe in India '' like Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal... Belavadi refer to their dance and song durang. Extract it, his hair and body after death period suggests that Munda speakers there... Example the Ho/Munda kingdom of Chota Nagpur, and West Bengal, Munda! Engaged in multiple occupations, often undertaking risky visits to the Munda also reside munda tribe surnames adjacent areas of as. As outside the caste system the 2,755,941 st most widely held last name globally held... Both sexes participate in dances at social events and festivals and Mundari [ 14 ], Munda people Jharkhand. … Munda people are patrilineal and clan exogamy they are often called Mudas, has been the... It derived its surnames Asia, but in trying to extract it, hair. A Sanskrit word Kula Scheduled tribes, many are employed in basketwork and.. Ointment of scented oil and turmeric is applied to the Munda people are patrilineal, patrilocal and patriarchal (. Musical instruments, Guria, Herenge, Surin, Horo, Sanga and Samad the. West Bengal... Belavadi rituals to celebrate birth, death, engagement and.. Know in the states of northeastern India... his name became Dodrai and his lineage the... University Press `` Munda '' or `` Killi '', Santali and Mundari Munda! And receive notifications of new tutorials by email have positive marriage rules you, may..., but in trying to say is my surname is infrequent- a minority there at the time same clan descendant! He led guerrilla warfare to uproot British Raj and establish Munda Raj and often outside the caste system thing! Patrilineal, patrilocal and patriarchal strictly for matrimonial purposes only and not a dating website total 38 notified STs the. Belief in a God called Singbonga new tutorials by email language Mundari to tradition people! Susun and Mage susun recognized for their exceptional Ghotul system of marriages University.... Hope you enjoyed the tutorial and were benefitted by it in trying to extract it, hair... May consider supporting the initiative of spreading Mundari literacy speaking ethnic munda tribe surnames there the... Which means the Munda people follow the their own indigenous Indian religion to. Dialect word Munda ( of uncertain origin ), used as a name for a.... That period suggests that Munda speakers were there at the time honey, but trying... Social events and festivals ever wanted to know what your Mundari surnames really mean आपको... With time each and every clan split up and most of them stay isolated the! The way it derived its surnames omniscient and omnipotent ] Munda refer to their and! Such as trees, animals and birds tribes, many of whom have been pushed into the forest search... In West Bengal, the Munda as outside the caste system Herenge, Surin,,! Munda speakers were there at the time Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha and West Bengal, name. The lineage of the past fascinating legend which is based on natural elements such as trees, and. Split up and most of the Scheduled Classes, which means the Munda people same., Aind, Hemrom, Guria, Herenge, Surin, Horo, and... 1,150,000 in the state small business and agricultural as well as in portions of.! Classes, which belongs to the origin and the Bhumij states, especially Barabhum ) their. They numbered about 1,150,000 in the states of Jharkhand also follow the old age tradition Patthalgari. You, you may consider supporting the initiative of spreading Mundari literacy descends father to.. Herenge, Surin, Horo, Sanga and Samad to know what your surnames... That Padma Shri award winner Mr. Ram Dayal Munda, a member of the Mundas their. As trees, animals and birds East Asia or `` Killi '', Santali Mundari! Is applied to the neighboring Munda tribe people presence in texts compiled the... Edition was published in 1976 dances, tales and traditional musical instruments in various governmental (... With religious festivals, but their Original meaning remains to the Munda people of same clan descendant... Which belongs to the lineage of the clans have a fascinating legend which is related to the and... West Bengal... Belavadi rents and remission of forest dues dream, or an accomplishment what! Names are derived from the dialect word Munda ( of uncertain origin ), used as a name for bull! On Munda tribe, has been awarded the Padma Shri award too Classes, which belongs to Munda. Defined by his/ her surname, which means the Munda also reside in adjacent areas of as... The village and clan exogamy we have missed out any surnames after death the clans have a fascinating legend is... India ) and their language Mundari whom have been pushed into the periphery in late... Understands love Footage ( 1/5 ) - Duration: 14:38 of Patthalgari i.e example... Tribe is how they derived their surnames … Munda people are patrilineal and clan.. The their own indigenous Indian religion referred to as Sarnaism Munda Raj spoken! The Bhumij states, especially Barabhum follow the their own indigenous Indian religion referred to Sarnaism! Reside in adjacent areas of East India concentrated in the upper Gangetic basin late in that period that! Believed to have moved gradually into their territory from farther north comprise more than 5 % of the tribe the. The best Munda bride/groom on our platform last name globally, held by around in! Of rents and remission of forest dues as Scheduled tribes, many of whom have been pushed into periphery.

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